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Distribution of Linux
Architectureamd64, i386, arm64, armhf, ppc64el, s390x
Latest versionUbuntu 19.10
Initial release2004-10-20
User interfaceGNOME
Based on

Ubuntu is a distribution of Linux that was started in 2004. Unlike many other Linux distributions, Ubuntu is designed for use as a desktop OS and currently owns the 3rd largest market share on OSes.

The Ubuntu system is built on Debian in infrastructure.

Versions[edit | edit source]

Ubuntu is versioned differently to other software, with the main version indicating the year of release and subversion indicating month, so if it was released in September 2007 it is version 7.09 and in December 2013 it is version 13.12. The first version was 4.10 (October 2004).

Ubuntu versions are named after various different animals, similar to how versions of Debian are named after various Toy Story characters. Here is a list:

Name Code name Release date Support end date
Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog Released on 2004-10-20 Support ended on 2006-04-30
Ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog Released on 2005-04-08 Support ended on 2006-10-31
Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger Released on 2005-10-13 Support ended on 2007-04-13
Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake Released on 2006-06-01 Support ended on 2009-07-14 for desktop and 2011-06-01 for servers.
Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft Released on 2006-10-26 Support ended on 2008-04-25
Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn Released on 2007-04-19 Support ended on 2008-10-19
Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon Released on 2007-10-18 Support ended on 2009-04-18
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron Released on 2008-04-24 Support ended on 2011-05-12 for desktop and 2013-05-09 for server
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex Released on 2008-10-30 Support ended on 2010-04-30
Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope Released on 2009-04-23 Support ended on 2010-10-23
Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala Released on 2009-10-29 Support ended on 2011-04-30
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx Released on 2010-04-29 Support ended on 2013-05-09 for desktop and 2015-04-30 for server
Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat Released on 2010-10-10 Support ended on 2012-04-10
Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal Released on 2011-04-28 Support ended on 2012-10-28
Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot Released on 2011-10-13 Support ended on 2013-05-09
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin Released on 2012-04-26 Support ended on 2017-04-28
Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal Released on 2012-10-18 Support ended on 2014-05-16
Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail Released on 2013-04-25 Support ended on 2014-01-27
Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander Released on 2013-10-17 Support ended on 2014-07-17
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Released on 2014-04-17 Support ended on 2019-04-30
Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Released on 2014-10-23 Support ended on 2015-07-23
Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet Released on 2015-04-23 Support ended on 2016-02-04
Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Released on 2015-10-22 Support ended on 2016-07-28
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus Released on 2016-04-21 Support will end in April 2021
Ubuntu 16.10 Yakkety Yak Released on 2016-10-20 Support ended on 2017-07-20
Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus Released on 2017-04-13 Support ended on 2018-01-13
Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark Released on 2017-10-19 Support ended on 2018-07-19
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver Released on 2018-04-26 Support will end in April 2023
Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Released on 2018-10-18 Support ended on 2019-07-18
Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo Released on 2019-04-18 Support will end in January 2020
Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine Released on 2019-10-17 Support will end in July 2020
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa To be released on 2020-04