Ubuntu

Ubuntu
Distribution of Linux
Ubuntu21.04Desktop.png
Architectureamd64, i386 (formerly), ARM64, armhf, ppc64el, s390x
Latest versionUbuntu 21.10
Initial release20 October 2004
User interfaceGNOME, Unity (formerly)
Based on
Debian

Ubuntu is a distribution of Linux that was started in 2004. Unlike many other Linux distributions, Ubuntu is designed for use as a desktop OS and currently owns the third largest market share on operating systems.

The Ubuntu system is built on the Debian infrastructure.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Ubuntu is versioned differently to other software, with the main version indicating the year of release and subversion indicating month. The first version was 4.10 (October 2004).

Ubuntu versions are named after various different adjectives and animals in alphabetical order (the alphabetical naming scheme starting with Ubuntu 6.06 LTS), similar to how versions of Debian are named after various Toy Story characters. Versions of Ubuntu usually release on April and October.

Name Code name Release date Support end date
Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog 20 October 2004 30 April 2006
Ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog 8 April 2005 31 October 2006
Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger 13 October 2005 13 April 2007
Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake 1 June 2006 1 June 2011
Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft 26 October 2006 25 April 2008
Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn 19 April 2007 19 October 2008
Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon 18 October 2007 18 April 2009
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron 24 April 2008 9 May 2013
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex 30 October 2008 30 April 2010
Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope 23 April 2009 23 October 2010
Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala 29 October 2009 30 April 2011
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx 29 April 2010 30 April 2015
Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat 10 October 2010 10 April 2012
Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal 28 April 2011 28 October 2012
Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot 13 October 2011 9 May 2013
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin 26 April 2012 28 April 2017
Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal 18 October 2012 16 May 2014
Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail 25 April 2013 27 January 2014
Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander 17 October 2013 17 July 2014
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 17 April 2014 30 April 2019
Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn 23 October 2014 23 July 2015
Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet 23 April 2015 4 February 2016
Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf 22 October 2015 28 July 2016
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus 21 April 2016 April 2021
Ubuntu 16.10 Yakkety Yak 20 October 2016 20 July 2017
Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus 13 April 2017 13 January 2018
Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark 19 October 2017 19 July 2018
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver 26 April 2018 April 2023
Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish 18 October 2018 18 July 2019
Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo 18 April 2019 23 January 2020
Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine 17 October 2019 17 July 2020
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa 23 April 2020 May 2025
Ubuntu 20.10 Groovy Gorilla 22 October 2020 July 2021
Ubuntu 21.04 Hirsute Hippo 22 April 2021 January 2022
Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri 14 October 2021 July 2022
Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish 21 April 2022 May 2027