Ubuntu

Ubuntu
Distribution of Linux
Ubuntu21.04Desktop.png
Architectureamd64, i386, ARM64, armhf, ppc64el, s390x
Latest versionUbuntu 21.04
Initial release20 October 2004
User interfaceGNOME
Based on
Debian

Ubuntu is a distribution of Linux that was started in 2004. Unlike many other Linux distributions, Ubuntu is designed for use as a desktop OS and currently owns the 3rd largest market share on OSes.

The Ubuntu system is built on the Debian infrastructure.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Ubuntu is versioned differently to other software, with the main version indicating the year of release and subversion indicating month. The first version was 4.10 (October 2004).

Ubuntu versions are named after various different animals, similar to how versions of Debian are named after various Toy Story characters.

Name Code name Release date Support end date
Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog Released on 20 October 2004 Support ended on 30 April 2006
Ubuntu 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog Released on 8 April 2005 Support ended on 31 October 2006
Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger Released on 13 October 2005 Support ended on 13 April 2007
Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake Released on 1 June 2006 Support ended on 14 July 2009 for desktop and 1 June 2011 for servers.
Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft Released on 26 October 2006 Support ended on 25 April 2008
Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn Released on 19 April 2007 Support ended on 19 October 2008
Ubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon Released on 18 October 2007 Support ended on 18 April 2009
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron Released on 24 April 2008 Support ended on 12 May 2011 for desktop and 9 May 2013 for servers.
Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex Released on 30 October 2008 Support ended on 30 April 2010
Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope Released on 23 April 2009 Support ended on 23 October 2010
Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala Released on 29 October 2009 Support ended on 30 April 2011
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx Released on 29 April 2010 Support ended on 9 May 2013 for desktop and 30 April 2015 for servers.
Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat Released on 10 October 2010 Support ended on 10 April 2012
Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal Released on 28 April 2011 Support ended on 28 October 2012
Ubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot Released on 13 October 2011 Support ended on 9 May 2013
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin Released on 26 April 2012 Support ended on 28 April 2017
Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal Released on 18 October 2012 Support ended on 16 May 2014
Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail Released on 25 April 2013 Support ended on 27 January 2014
Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander Released on 17 October 2013 Support ended on 17 July 2014
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Released on 17 April 2014 Support ended on 30 April 2019
Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Released on 23 October 2014 Support ended on 23 July 2015
Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet Released on 23 April 2015 Support ended on 4 February 2016
Ubuntu 15.10 Wily Werewolf Released on 22 October 2015 Support ended on 28 July 2016
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus Released on 21 April 2016 Support ended on April 2021
Ubuntu 16.10 Yakkety Yak Released on 20 October 2016 Support ended on 20 July 2017
Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus Released on 13 April 2017 Support ended on 13 January 2018
Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark Released on 19 October 2017 Support ended on 19 July 2018
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver Released on 26 April 2018 Support will end in April 2023
Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Released on 18 October 2018 Support ended on 18 July 2019
Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo Released on 18 April 2019 Support ended on 23 January 2020
Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine Released on 17 October 2019 Support ended on 17 July 2020
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa Released on 23 April 2020 Support will end in May 2025
Ubuntu 20.10 Groovy Gorilla Released on 22 October 2020 Support will end in July 2021
Ubuntu 21.04 Hirsute Hippo Released on 22 April 2021 Support will end in January 2022
Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri To be released in October 2021 Support will end in July 2022