Android

Android
Distribution of Linux
Android OS logo.png
Android12Homescreen.png
Architecture
Release type
Initial version
Latest versionAndroid 13
Initial release23 September 2008
User interface
Package manager
Terminal
Status
Active

Android is an operating system based on Linux produced by Google that targets smart, portable and/or embedded devices such as phones, tablets, smartwatches, televisions, cars and other embedded systems. Android was originally developed by a company called Android Inc.,. Google later acquired the company in July 2005, then made the Android SDK available in November 2007. One year later, the first version of Android was released in September 2008.

From Android 1.5 until Android 10, every major Android version had a name based on different desserts in alphabetical order. Since Android 10 to 12L, the version number is used instead in official releases, while the dessert names only remain for internal codenames. This change was reverted in Android 13 developer previews.

In January 2020, Microsoft released the first preview of their custom Android experience meant to run on the Surface Duo, build 2020.117.2.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

The codenames are named after desserts, similar to how Ubuntu's codenames were named after animals.

Version Codename(s) Release date Notes
Android 1.x Astro Boy, Bender, Petit Four, Cupcake, Donut 23 September 2008 HTC Dream was the first phone to be released with Android.
Android 2.x Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread 26 October 2009 Supported more screen resolutions.
Android 3.x Honeycomb 22 February 2011 This version was targeted at tablets only.
Android 4.x Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Key Lime Pie (4.4 internal) 18 October 2011 First version to integrate the screenshot feature.
Android 5.x Lollipop, Lemon Meringue Pie (internal) 12 November 2014 Introduced a new design known as Material Design.
Android 6.x Marshmallow, Macadamia Nut Cookie (internal) 5 October 2015 First version to support USB-C and fingerprint sensors.
Android 7.x Nougat, New York Cheesecake (internal) 22 August 2016 First version to have multi-window support.
Android 8.x Oreo, Oatmeal Cookie (internal) 21 August 2017 First version to have picture-in-picture support. First version to support Project Treble.
Android 9 Pie, Pistachio Ice Cream (internal) 6 August 2018 Minor design updates.

First version to have time limits for apps.

First version without a minor version number, officially.

Android 10 Quince Tart (internal), Q 3 September 2019 First released version to not publicly use a dessert codename.

Added dark mode.

Android 11 Red Velvet Cake (internal), R 5 September 2020 First version to support foldable devices.
Android 12 Snow Cone (internal), S 4 October 2021 Introduced a new design known as Material You or Material Design 3.
Android 12L Snow Cone 2 (internal), Sv2 7 March 2022 Introduced a new optimized layout for tablets and large-screen devices.
Android 13 Tiramisu 15 August 2022