|Distribution of Linux|
|Latest version||Android 12.0|
|Initial release||23 September 2008|
Android is an operating system based on Linux produced by Google that targets smart, portable and/or embedded devices such as phones, tablets, smartwatches, televisions, or cars. Android was originally developed by a company called Android Inc., but Google then bought the company in July 2005, then made the Android SDK available in November 2007. One year later, the first version of Android was released in September 2008. Every major Android version since 1.5 until 10 had a codename based on different desserts, and they are all in alphabetical order.
In June 2021, Huawei released the first version of HarmonyOS 2.0, meant to be run on Huawei devices, build 184.108.40.206 (based on Android 10.x).
Timeline[edit | edit source]
The codenames are named after desserts, similar to how Ubuntu's codenames were named after animals.
|Android 1.x||Astro Boy, Bender, Petit Four, Cupcake, Donut||23 September 2008||HTC Dream was the first phone to be released with Android.|
|Android 2.x||Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread||26 October 2009||Supported more screen resolutions.|
|Android 3.x||Honeycomb||22 February 2011||This version was targeted at tablets only.|
|Android 4.x||Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat||18 October 2011||First version to integrate the screenshot feature.|
|Android 5.x||Lollipop||12 November 2014||Introduced a new design known as Material Design.|
|Android 6.x||Marshmallow||5 October 2015||First version to support USB-C and fingerprint sensors.|
|Android 7.x||Nougat||22 August 2016||First version to have multi-window support.|
|Android 8.x||Oreo||21 August 2017||First version to have picture-in-picture support.|
|Android 9.x||Pie||6 August 2018||Minor design updates.
First version to have time limits for apps.
|Android 10.x||Quince Tart (internal), Q (public)||3 September 2019||First released version to not publicly use a dessert codename.
Added dark mode.
|Android 11.x||Red Velvet Cake (internal), R (public)||5 September 2020||First version to support foldable devices.|
|Android 12.x||Snow Cone (internal), S (public)||4 October 2021||Introduced a new design known as Material You or Material Design 3.|