Windows Longhorn build 4001

Build of Windows Longhorn
Version number6.0
Build number4001
Build labmain
Compiled on2002-12-04
Expiration date
Timebomb2003-11-30 (+361 days)
Product key
About dialog
TCB.png TCBGallery.png BA.png

Windows Longhorn build 4001 is the first Milestone 4 build of Windows Longhorn. This build was first found from screenshots that were shown by Dr. Nicholas Rush at YouArePwned's "Yet Another Longhorn Board", and by user bashar2000 on the BetaArchive forums.[1] It was eventually uploaded to the aforementioned website on 15 January 2013.[2]

While some features such as the Desktop Compositing Engine and Start Page are mostly retained from build 3718, it notably contains a new setup procedure. This build also features the old M3 background, where it would be later replaced in build 4002.

New features[edit | edit source]

OOBE[edit | edit source]

This build contains a new OOBE that replaced the Windows XP OOBE used in previous builds. The OOBE in this build only asks for account names to create (these will be Administrator accounts) and then finishes.

WIM installation[edit | edit source]

This build is among one of the first builds to use a new WIM-based setup routine, one of the first radical departures from the previous Windows NT codebase. The WIM-based setup routine works by having all of the setup files stored within a single WIM disk image, INSTALL.WIM. When the installation media is booted directly, the WinPE (Windows Preinstallation Environment) loads into the graphical user interface itself. After it images the WIM file to the system partition, the system reboots to finish the setup by installing the hardware and running the OOBE. Microsoft stated that their goal with this routine was to allow installations of Windows to finish in as little as 15 minutes.[3]

While the installation is basic (using the Avalon interface) and lacks partitioning, it is capable of detecting hardware (including the CPU). As a result, it cannot be installed on processors older than a Pentium III, alongside a few virtual CPUs like the default emulated QEMU processor. The processor requirement would be removed in all subsequent pre-reset builds for unknown reasons.

Also, as the ability to upgrade from a previous build was not implemented at this time, the user only can clean install this build.

Bugs and quirks[edit | edit source]

Installation[edit | edit source]

  • Many drivers aren't installed by default during the hardware portion of setup and have to be installed manually.
  • As this build's setup cannot partition the drive, it is required to partition the drive before installation via the diskpart command.
  • The setup doesn't ask for the username, organization information, and time zone, so the default username of "Windows User" without an organization is used in place. Alongside, the time zone defaults to the Pacific Time Zone.
  • To install or run this build in VMware Workstation, the hardware compatibility must be set to version 9.0 or earlier.
  • On some machines, the WinPE part of setup either crashes or will throw an Avalon error. If this occurs, the machine is not compatible with this build.
    • This also applies to 86Box, even with the processor set to VIA Cyrix III, the only processor on the emulator which gets past through CPU detection.

Taskbar[edit | edit source]

An interesting quirk with the New Taskbar application is that buttons appear to not be centered.

Desktop Compositing Engine[edit | edit source]

Desktop Compositing Engine requires either compatible hardware or VMware Workstation with 6.5.x display drivers to work, otherwise it will result in a black screen that can only be exited by a hard reset.

MyTVApp[edit | edit source]

MyTVApp crashes when it opens.

Media Center[edit | edit source]

Due to the new WIM setup method, components related to the Media Center application cannot be installed on this build. It is still possible to trigger the edition change by attempting to install Media Center and then rebooting.

Control Panel[edit | edit source]

Display Properties mentions the Luna theme as the Plex theme.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Setup[edit | edit source]

Interface[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]