Draft:Recommended VM configurations

Back to Draft:Windows build FAQ

This page provides recommended configurations for installing builds in a specific emulator or hypervisor. This page is by no means exhaustive, and your mileage may vary, so you may have to adjust some settings to your liking as it sees fit.

Windows

For early DOS-based Windows releases (Windows 1.0, 2.x, 3.0, 3.1x), Windows 9x releases (Windows 95, Nashville, 98, and Me), and early Windows NT releases (Windows NT 3.1, NT 3.5x, NT 4.0, and 2000), it is recommended to use 86Box to install these builds. Due to problems with faster processors, it is also recommended to use 86Box for Windows XP Starter Edition.

For later versions of Windows (Windows 2000 RC2 - RTM, Neptune, XP and above), it is recommended to use VMware, VirtualBox or Hyper-V.

Use QEMU for Windows for the ARMv7 and ARMv8/ARM64 architectures. QEMU can also be used to run most MIPS builds of Windows, the same with MAME.

Currently, there are no emulators that are known to run Windows for the PowerPC (PPC), DEC Alpha, and Itanium (IA64) architectures.

Windows 1.0

DR5 / Alpha / Beta

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [8088] Generic XT clone
  • CPU type: Intel 8088, 8 Mhz
  • Memory: 512 KB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Hercules or [ISA] CGA
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA] PC/XT XTIDE
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 306 cylinders, 4 heads, 17 sectors (10 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 5.25" 360 KB drive (A:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
These builds install CGA drivers by default; to switch to Hercules drivers, see Windows 1.0 Development Release 5#Switching display drivers.

There are unofficial drivers that allows the builds to support EGA, VGA, and VESA adapters; see this BetaArchive thread for more information.

Premiere Edition / RTM

1.01 - 1.02
86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [8088] IBM XT (1986)
  • CPU type: Intel 8088, 8 Mhz
  • Memory: 640 KB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] EGA
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA] IBM PC Fixed Disk Adapter (MFM)
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: MFM/RLL (0:0) drive, 615 cylinders, 4 heads, 17 sectors (20 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 5.25" 360 KB drive (A:), one 3.5" 720 KB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
Depending on the installation media type for the version you are installing, you may need to invert the floppy drive types to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (3.5" 720 KB drive as first floppy drive (A:), 5.25" 360 KB drive as second floppy drive (B:)).
1.03
86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [8088] IBM XT (1986)
  • CPU type: Intel 8088, 8 Mhz
  • Memory: 640 KB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] EGA
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial port 1 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA] IBM PC Fixed Disk Adapter (MFM)
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: MFM/RLL (0:0) drive, 615 cylinders, 4 heads, 17 sectors (20 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 5.25" 360 KB drive (A:), one 3.5" 720 KB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
Depending on the installation media type for the version you are installing, you may need to invert the floppy drive types to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (3.5" 720 KB drive as first floppy drive (A:), 5.25" 360 KB drive as second floppy drive (B:)).
1.04
86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [80286] IBM AT
  • CPU type: Intel 80286, 8 Mhz
  • Memory: 640 KB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] VGA
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial port 1 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA16] PC/AT IDE Controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 615 cylinders, 6 heads, 17 sectors (30 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 5.25" 360 KB drive (A:), one 3.5" 720 KB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
Depending on the installation media type for the version you are installing, you may need to invert the floppy drive types to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (3.5" 720 KB drive as first floppy drive (A:), 5.25" 360 KB drive as second floppy drive (B:)).

This presumes you are using the IBM PS/2 OEM version of Windows 1.04, otherwise you can set the display type to [ISA] EGA. There is an ImageManager 1024 driver that allows 1024x800x256 display resolution; see this BetaArchive thread for more information.

Windows 2.x

Windows/286 2.03 - 2.11

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [80286 SCAT] Hyundai Solomon 286KP
  • CPU type: Intel 80286, 10 Mhz
  • Memory: 2048 KB (2 MB)
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Trident TVGA 8900D (1 MB)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA16] PC/AT IDE Controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 925 cylinders, 7 heads, 17 sectors (53 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
Depending on the installation media type for the version you are installing, you may need to change the floppy drive type of the first floppy disk (A:) to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (5.25" 1.2 MB drive instead of 3.5" 1.44 MB drive).

A Trident TVGA 8900D display driver disk is needed to use the graphics card.

Windows/386 2.03 - 2.11

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386SX SCAMP] Samsung SPC-6033P
  • CPU type: Intel i386SX, 16 MHz
  • Memory: 4 MB
  • FPU: 387
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Trident TVGA 8900D (1 MB)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 925 cylinders, 7 heads, 17 sectors (53 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
Depending on the installation media type for the version you are installing, you may need to change the floppy drive type of the first floppy disk (A:) to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (5.25" 1.2 MB drive instead of 3.5" 1.44 MB drive).

It is recommended to use MS-DOS 3.3x or 4.01 with Windows/386 2.11 to make use of the 386 enhancements. HIMEM of MS-DOS 5 and higher causes Windows/386 to not start due to the extended memory already being in use. Otherwise, launch WIN86.COM to start Windows in standard mode. Use the "IBM Personal System/2 Model 80" computer option during setup.

A Trident TVGA 8900D display driver disk is needed to use the graphics card.

Windows 3.0

Build 14

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX ISA] Compaq Portable III (386)
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 20 MHz
  • Memory: 4 MB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] VGA
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 1024 cylinders, 5 heads, 17 sectors (42.6 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
A COMPAQ Portable Diagnostics Disk is required in order to set up the BIOS information on the system. COMPAQ's OEM release of MS-DOS 3.31 is recommended as the MS-DOS version, which requires a COMPAQ User Programs Disk.

To start setup, run SETUP C:\WINDOWS on the installation media (which should be in drive B:). After setup is completed, use FASTART to add the line device=C:\WINDOWS\HIMEM.SYS and modify the files line to files=40 in CONFIG.SYS and save the settings to both CONFIG.SYS and FASTART.

Build 55 - RTM / 3.00a

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] DataExpert SX495
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 20 Mhz
  • Memory: 8 MB
  • FPU: 387
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Tseng ET4000AX (1 MB)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 684 cylinders, 16 heads, 38 sectors (203 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
A Tseng ET4000AX display driver disk (patched for Windows 3.0) is needed to use the graphics card.

MDK Version 59 / Multimedia Extensions RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i486 (Socket 2) SiS 471] ABit AB-AH4
  • CPU type: Intel i486SX, 25 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: 487SX
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Trident TVGA 8900D
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster 1.5
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 1024 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (504 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 12x speed
Notes
A MSCDEX 2.23 (MS-DOS CD-ROM driver) installer is needed to use the CD-ROM drive and thus install these builds.

Using the Creative Labs OEM release is recommended, as it supports more drivers than the Tandy OEM release.

MDK Version 59 does not come with a Trident TVGA8900 driver by default; the one provided in the RTM build can be installed to get 1024x768x256 display on MDK Version 59.

Windows 3.1x

RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i486 (Socket 3) SiS 496] Rise Computer R418
  • CPU type: Intel i486DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 64 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 Vision964 (Diamond Stealth64 VRAM)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster 16
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] Realtek RTL8029AS
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 1024 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (504 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 12x speed
Notes
A MSCDEX 2.23 (MS-DOS CD-ROM driver), S3 Vision964 and Realtek RTL8029AS driver installer are needed to use the CD-ROM drive, graphics card, and network card.

A network card only functions in Windows for Workgroups 3.1 or 3.11, or on Windows 3.1/3.11 with the Workgroup Add-On, otherwise, you can set the network card to None. For Internet access, you will also need to install the TCP/IP stack for Windows for Workgroups 3.11.

The Sound Blaster 16 driver needs to be installed manually from the Drivers Control Panel applet (where "Sound Blaster 1.5" should be selected) or via Creative Labs' Sound Blaster 16 driver installer.

Windows NT 3.1

1991 builds (build 196 / October 1991 build / build 239)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Video 7 VGA 1024i (HT208)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA] Sound Blaster v1.5 (address 0x260, IRQ 7)
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA] 3Com EtherLink II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xCF
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 1024 cylinders, 4 heads, 26 sectors (52 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:02) CD-ROM drive at 12x speed
Notes
Create a setup bootdisk by using the MAKEDISK boot A: command from the installation media (does not apply for build 196). With the bootdisk still inserted in the floppy drive, select "NT CDROM SCSI ID 2" on the OS Loader to load the GUI setup.

To get the VESA driver to run on build 196, see Windows NT 3.1 build 196 § Super VGA support. On the October 1991 build and build 239, the Video 7 VRAM II driver will be compatible with the display adapter and give 800x600/1024x768 display on both builds, respectively.

June 1992 beta (build 297)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA] Video 7 VGA 1024i (HT208)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA] Sound Blaster v1.5 (address 0x220, IRQ 7)
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA] 3Com EtherLink II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xCF
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: SCSI (0:00) drive, 1024 cylinders, 4 heads, 26 sectors (52 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): Two 3.5" 1.44 MB drives (A: and B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:02) CD-ROM drive at 12x speed
Notes
Build 297 removes the Video 7 driver during the Windows Setup, but the build still includes the driver and it can be used by replacing VGA.DLL with V7_1024.DLL in the WINNT\SYSTEM directory.

October 1992 beta (build 340) - RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: None
Display
  • Display: [ISA16] S3 86c911 (Orchid Fahrenheit 1280)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA] Sound Blaster v1.5
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA] 3Com EtherLink II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xCF
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: SCSI (0:00) drive, 1024 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (504 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (A:), one 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:02) CD-ROM drive at 12x speed
Notes
Depending on the boot disk media type for the build you are installing, you may need to invert the floppy drive types to work best for the floppy disk type of the installation media (3.5" 1.44 MB drive as first floppy drive (A:), 5.25" 1.2 MB drive as second floppy drive (B:)).

On some builds from 340 to 438, the S3 driver may not work properly. If this happens, switch the display adapter to [ISA] Trident TVGA 8900B and install its drivers from Windows NT Setup in the Program Manager.

The TCP/IP Transport should be installed for Internet access.

Windows NT 3.5x

Beta / RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i486DX2, 50 MHz
  • Memory: 32 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [VLB] S3 Vision964 (Diamond Stealth64 VRAM)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster 16
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA16] Novell NE2000
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xCF
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 1024 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (504 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:02) CD-ROM drive at 36x speed
Notes
The Sound Blaster 16 driver needs to be installed manually from the Multimedia Control Panel applet.

This configuration applies to both Windows NT 3.5 and Windows NT 3.51.

The TCP/IP Transport should be installed for Internet access.

Windows 95

Chicago Milestone 4 - early Milestone 6 builds (builds 58s - 99)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: 387
Display
  • Display: [VLB] Cirrus Logic GD5429
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA] Sound Blaster v1.5
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA16] Novell NE2000
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xA
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 684 cylinders, 16 heads, 38 sectors (203 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:00) CD-ROM drive at 32x speed
Notes
If installing build 58s, disable the Virus Warning in the CMOS, otherwise a boot sector warning appears near the end of setup, causing a system crash.

Chicago Beta 1 builds (builds 116 - 189)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX/i486 OPTi 495] Award 486 clone
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 33 Mhz
  • Memory: 16 MB
  • FPU: 387
Display
  • Display: [VLB] S3 86c928 (Metheus Premier 928)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse (COM1)
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA] Sound Blaster v1.5
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [ISA16] Novell NE2000
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: [ISA16] Adaptec AHA-154xA
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 684 cylinders, 16 heads, 38 sectors (203 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): SCSI (0:00) CD-ROM drive at 32x speed
Notes
For Internet access, you will need to install the TCP/IP stack from the Network Control Panel applet.

RTM (Nashville / OSR)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Single Voltage) i430FX] ASUS P/I-P54TP4XE
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium, 75 Mhz
  • Memory: 64 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 Vision964 (Diamond Stealth64 VRAM)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE32 PnP
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-PCI II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 2078 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (1.23 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 48x speed
Notes
For Internet access, you will need to install the TCP/IP stack from the Network Control Panel applet.

Windows NT 4.0

RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Single Voltage) i430FX] ASUS P/I-P54TP4XE
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium, 90 Mhz
  • Memory: 64 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 Trio64 (Phoenix)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE32
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-PCI II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 2078 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (1.23 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 48x speed
Notes
Since Windows NT 4.0 does not support PnP, you will have to install the Sound Blaster AWE32 driver manually via the "Multimedia" Control Panel applet. Select the "Devices" tab, click on "Add..." and select "Sound Blaster 1.x, Pro, 16" from the list.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows NT 4
System
  • Base Memory: 64 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 32 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: One floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 2 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: Sound Blaster 16
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: Disabled
Notes
At first boot, Windows will be in 640x480x16 display. VirtualBox Guest Additions should be installed to get higher resolutions and true color display. It is recommended to install Service Pack 6 before installing VirtualBox Guest Additions.

To install the Sound Blaster 16 driver, you need to install it via the "Multimedia" Control Panel applet. The MPU401 I/O Address should be set to Disabled as VirtualBox doesn't support the proper MIDI address. As a result, MIDI files will not play.

Windows 98

RTM (SE)

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Single Voltage) i430FX] Gateway 2000 Thor
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium, 133 Mhz
  • Memory: 128 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/GX (385)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE32
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-PCI II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 8126 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (4 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 60x speed

Windows 2000

Pre-/Beta 1

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 5 i430NX] Intel Premiere/PCI II
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium OverDrive, 166 MHz
  • Memory: 88 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE (325)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE32 PnP
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-PCI II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 4161 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (2 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 48x speed

Build 1743

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i486 (Socket 3) SiS 496] Soyo 4SAW2
  • CPU type: Intel i486DX2 (SL-Enhanced), 100 MHz
  • Memory: 96 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/DX (375)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE64
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-PCI II
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 8322 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (4 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 48x speed
Notes
The "Sound Card" should be left to None during the setup stage, since setup has a chance to crash if a Sound Blaster is plugged. You should plug the Sound Blaster to the VM after setup.

RC2 (Neptune) / RC3

Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows 2000
System
  • Base Memory: 256 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 18 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 8 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 1.1 (OHCI) Controller
Notes
These builds suffer from an IDE bug that may cause the system to reboot near the end of setup. See Windows build FAQ § Windows 2000 - reboot during last stage of setup for the workaround instructions.

At first boot, Windows will be in 640x480x16 display. VirtualBox Guest Additions are able to be installed on these builds just fine, allowing higher resolutions and true color display. Additional video memory can be used if desired. Fast boot on Windows Neptune will only work if the drive is formatted as FAT/FAT32.

RTM

Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows 2000
System
  • Base Memory: 512 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 128 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 20 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0 (OHCI + EHCI) Controller
Notes
Windows 2000 suffers from an IDE bug that may cause the system to reboot near the end of setup. See Windows build FAQ § Windows 2000 - reboot during last stage of setup for the workaround instructions.

Service Pack 4 must be installed in order to use the USB 2.0 controller, otherwise the USB 1.1 (OHCI) Controller can be used instead.

At first boot, Windows will be in 640x480x16 display. VirtualBox Guest Additions should be installed to get higher resolutions and true color display.

Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 512 MB
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 1 core
  • Total processor cores: 1 core
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Disabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: IDE 20 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 512 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 2000 Professional / Server / Advanced Server
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
Service Pack 4 must be installed in order to use the USB 2.0 controller, otherwise set the USB controller version as USB 1.1.

At first boot, Windows will be in 640x480x16 display. VMware Tools should be installed to get higher resolutions and true color display, alongside the 3D display acceleration.

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Slot 1 i440FX] ASUS P/I-P65UP5 (C-PKND)
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium II (Deschutes), 233 Mhz
  • Memory: 192 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/GX2 (357)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE64 Gold
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-FAST III
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 16383 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (8.063 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 72x speed

Windows Me

RTM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Dual Voltage) i430VX] Shuttle HOT-557
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium MMX, 200 Mhz
  • Memory: 128 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/DX (375)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster AWE64 Gold
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-FAST III
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 16383 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (8.063 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 72x speed

Windows XP/Server 2003

x86

Beta 1 - 2 (builds 2202 - 2462)
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows 2000
System
  • Base Memory: 256 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 18 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: One floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 10 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 1.1 (OHCI) Controller
Notes
The Standard PC HAL should be used, or ACPI should be disabled for early builds (builds 2202 to 2419), otherwise setup can hang on "Setup is starting Windows 2000/Whistler". Either press F5 when setup prompts to "Press F6 if you need to install a 3rd party SCSI or RAID driver" and select Standard PC, or disable ACPI in the .vbox file via the VBoxManage modifyvm <name of VM> --acpi off command.

On builds earlier than build 2410, Windows will be in 640x480x16 display at first boot. To get higher display resolution and color depth, install the Windows NT video miniport driver found here.

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Dual Voltage) i430VX] Shuttle HOT-557
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium MMX, 233 Mhz
  • Memory: 128 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/DX (375)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [PCI] Ensoniq AudioPCI (ES1371)
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] AMD PCnet-FAST III
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 16383 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (8.063 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 2.88 MB drive (A:), one 5.25" 1.2 MB drive (B:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 72x speed
RTM
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 1024 MB (1 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 1 core
  • Total processor cores: 1 core
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Disabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: IDE 50 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 512 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows XP Professional / Home Edition
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows XP (32-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 1024 MB (1 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 128 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 50 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0 (OHCI + EHCI) Controller
Notes
3D display acceleration will only work on VirtualBox versions below 6.1.0 due to a security change in the VBoxVGA graphics controller video card in later versions that makes it no longer support 3D acceleration. VMSVGA and VBoxSVGA graphics controllers are not supported on Windows XP. On versions of VirtualBox above 6.0.24, 3D display acceleration can be disabled.

To get the 3D display acceleration, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine.

Starter Edition
86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Slot 1 i440FX] ASUS P/I-P65UP5 (C-PKND)
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium II (Deschutes), 266 Mhz
  • Memory: 256 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] 3dfx Voodoo 3 3000
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [PCI] Ensoniq AudioPCI (ES1371)
Network
  • Network: SLiRP, [PCI] Realtek RTL8029AS
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled, LPT1 device Generic Text Printer
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 16383 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (8.063 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): None
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 72x speed
Notes
86Box is recommended for Windows XP editions aimed for low-end systems (such as Fundamentals for Legacy PCs) but also for editions which have problems running on VirtualBox and VMware, such as Windows XP Starter Edition.

x64

Build 3790.1069
Pc-bios qemu logo no text.png QEMU Configuration
Create the hard drive(s)
qemu-img create -f qcow2 winx64-build3790-1069.img 10G
Boot to the installation media
qemu-system-x86_64 -boot d -drive file=winx64-build3790-1069.img,if=ide -m 512 -drive file=<filename of installation media>,media=cdrom -vga std -rtc base="2003-09-05",clock=vm -netdev user,id=n0 -device rtl8139,netdev=n0 -device ac97 -display sdl
Boot to the hard drive
qemu-system-x86_64 -boot c -drive file=winx64-build3790-1069.img,if=ide -m 512 -drive file=<filename of installation media>,media=cdrom -vga std -rtc base="2003-09-05",clock=vm -netdev user,id=n0 -device rtl8139,netdev=n0 -device ac97 -display sdl
Notes
To enter Ctrl+Alt+Del to login on Windows Server 2003 build 3790.1069, press Ctrl+Alt+2 in the QEMU window to open the console, then enter the command sendkey ctrl-alt-delete.
RTM
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Disabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: IDE 70 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 768 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows XP (64-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 512 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 50 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0 (OHCI + EHCI) Controller
Notes
3D display acceleration will only work on VirtualBox versions below 6.1.0 due to a security change in the VBoxVGA graphics controller video card in later versions that makes it no longer support 3D acceleration. VMSVGA and VBoxSVGA graphics controllers are not supported on Windows XP. On versions of VirtualBox above 6.0.24, 3D display acceleration can be disabled.

To get the 3D display acceleration, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine.

Windows Vista

Mid-late Milestone 7 pre-reset Longhorn (builds 4051 - 4093)

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 1024 MB (1 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Disabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: IDE 25 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 512 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows XP Professional
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Workstation 6.5-7.x
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
A VMware 6.5.2 driver package is required in order to get the 3D display acceleration and run any Desktop Window Manager features. These drivers can be obtained here, which also provides instructions of installing these drivers.

hdwwiz.cpl is missing on builds 4081, 4082, and 4083, making Device Manager broken. This file should be ported to these builds from build 4074 to properly install the drivers. Additionally, you must boot into "Enable VGA Mode" via the F8 Advanced Boot Options menu after installing the graphics drivers on 408x builds, otherwise Windows will crash with a 0x000000B4 bugcheck.

RTM

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 768 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows Vista
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows Vista (32-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX4
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 128 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxSVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0 (OHCI + EHCI) Controller
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine.
x64
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 2 CPUs
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 4 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 1024 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows Vista x64 Edition
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used. When installing Windows Vista with SP1 and above, you can also use EFI.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows Vista (64-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX4
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 2 CPUs
Display
  • Video Memory: 1024 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxSVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: ICH AC97
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0 (OHCI + EHCI) Controller
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine. When installing Windows Vista with SP1 and above, you can also use EFI.

Windows 7

RTM

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1
Display
  • Video Memory: 768 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 7
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration and USB 3.1 support, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows 7 (32-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 1536 MB (1.5 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX4
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Enabled
  • Processor(s): 2 CPUs
Display
  • Video Memory: 128 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxSVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: Intel HD Audio
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1 (xHCI) Controller
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration and USB 3.1 support, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine.
x64
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 2 CPUs
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 4 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1
Display
  • Video Memory: 1024 MB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 7 x64
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: UEFI
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration and USB 3.1 support, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.
Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Windows 7 (64-bit)
System
  • Base Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
  • Chipset: PIIX4
  • Pointing Device: USB Tablet
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Enabled
  • Processor(s): 2 CPUs
Display
  • Video Memory: 1024 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxSVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Storage
  • Floppy: No floppy controller
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: Intel HD Audio
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1 (xHCI) Controller
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration and USB 3.1 support, install VirtualBox Guest Additions inside of the virtual machine.

Windows 8

Milestone 1 - 3 builds (builds 7700 - 8102)

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Disabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: IDE 75 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 2.0
Display
  • Video Memory: 1 GB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 7
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Workstation 8.x
Advanced
  • Firmware type: BIOS
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. An older version of VMware Tools is recommended (version 10.2.5 is known to work on all builds with the compatibility setting).

The fbl_core2_sid_data compile of build 7973 and build 7978 requires modifying the .vmx file due to a boot loader error; see Windows 8 build 7973 (fbl core2 sid data) § Compatibility and Windows 8 build 7978 § Compatibility for more information.

RTM

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1
Display
  • Video Memory: 1 GB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 8.x
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: UEFI
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.

Windows 8.1

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1
Display
  • Video Memory: 1 GB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 8.x
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: UEFI
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.

Windows 10

x86
Vmware workstation 16 icon.svg VMware Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Hardware
Memory
  • Memory: 2048 MB (2 GB)
Processors
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
  • Core(s) per processor: 2 cores
  • Total processor cores: 2 cores
  • Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI: Enabled
Drives
  • Floppy: No floppy drive
  • Hard drive: SATA 100 GB drive
Network
  • Network adapter: Enabled
USB
  • USB Controller: USB 3.1
Display
  • Video Memory: 1 GB
  • 3D Acceleration: Enabled
Options
General
  • Operating System: Windows 10
Compatibility
  • Hardware compatibility: Latest Workstation version
Advanced
  • Firmware type: UEFI
Notes
To get the 3D display acceleration, install VMware Tools inside of the virtual machine. The Easy Install configuration can also be used.

This configuration applies to all versions of Windows 10, from the original v1507 release up to the latest Windows 10 version.

If you are installing a beta build of Windows 10, it is recommended (required on v1507 to v1703 builds) to disable the network adapter until you can be able to turn off the online time sync on the Date and Time settings to prevent activating the timebomb from online time sync. Also see Draft:Windows build FAQ § Windows 10 TH1 to RS2 - Recovery screen with error "A component of the operating system has expired" after setup.

macOS

macOS operating systems vary on what architectures are used based on the version. QEMU and SheepShaver can run PowerPC builds of Mac OS X under Windows or other x86 operating systems. QEMU, Basilisk II, and Mini vMac are able to run 68k builds of Mac OS, and VirtualBox, VMware Fusion, and Parallels Desktop for Mac can run x86/64 builds of Mac OS X. ARM macOS systems can only be run guests based on its corresponding hardware via Parallels Desktop for Mac and will not support x86/64 builds of Mac OS X.

Note that running virtual machine guests of x86/64 and ARM64 builds of Mac OS X are only officially (and legally) supported on host Apple systems. As such, no instructions will be provided for running x86/64 and ARM64 builds of Mac OS X on non-Apple hardware.

Mac OS X Puma

RTM

Pc-bios qemu logo no text.png QEMU Configuration
Create the hard drive(s)
qemu-img create -f raw puma.img 3G
Boot to the installation media
qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot d -M mac99 -m 1024 -g 1024x768x32 -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -prom-env "vga-ndrv?=true" -drive file=<filename of installation media>,format=raw,media=cdrom -drive file=puma.img,format=raw,media=disk -display sdl -netdev user,id=network01 -device sungem,netdev=network01 -device VGA,edid=on
Boot to the hard drive
qemu-system-ppc -L pc-bios -boot c -M mac99 -m 1024 -g 1024x768x32 -prom-env "auto-boot?=true" -prom-env "vga-ndrv?=true" -drive file=puma.img,format=raw,media=disk -display sdl -netdev user,id=network01 -device sungem,netdev=network01 -device VGA,edid=on

OS/2

OS/2 is best run on 86Box (especially OS/2 1.x, which crash on processors newer than the 486 without patching), even supporting IBM's PS/2 models that OS/2 was originally designed for. OS/2 Warp 4 should also be able to run well on VirtualBox, and also have Guest Additions support for this version.

OS/2 1.1 - 1.2

IBM

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [i386DX MCA] IBM PS/2 model 70 (type 3)
  • CPU type: Intel i386DX, 16 Mhz
  • Memory: 8 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: Internal controller, 8514/A enabled
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [MCA] IBM PS/2 ESDI Fixed Disk Adapter
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: ESDI (0:0) drive, 615 cylinders, 6 heads, 17 sectors (30 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None
Notes
An IBM PS/2 model 70/80 reference disk is required to set up the BIOS information on the system.

Microsoft

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [80286 ISA] AMI IBM AT
  • CPU type: Intel 80286, 8 Mhz
  • Memory: 8192 KB (8 MB)
  • FPU: 287XL
Display
  • Display: [ISA] VGA, 8514/A enabled
Input devices
  • Mouse: Microsoft Serial Mouse, COM1
Sound
  • Sound card: None
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: [ISA16] PC/AT IDE Controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 462 cylinders, 8 heads, 17 sectors (30 MB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): None

OS/2 Warp 4

Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: OS/2 Warp 4
System
  • Base Memory: 64 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 32 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: One floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 4 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: Sound Blaster 16
Network
  • Network adapter: Disabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: Disabled

NeXTSTEP / Apple Rhapsody

Currently, only the x86 versions of the NeXTSTEP and the Apple Rhapsody developer releases can be run. There are no emulators that are known to boot the m68k/SPARC/PA-RISC/PPC versions of NeXTSTEP or the Apple Rhapsody developer releases. As a result, only NeXTSTEP 3.1 and above can be run in virtualization software.

Either 86Box or VirtualBox can be used to get an optimal install of NeXTSTEP or Apple Rhapsody.

OPENSTEP 4.2 / Apple Rhapsody

86Box logo (2021).png 86Box Configuration
Setting type Configuration
Machine
  • Machine: [Socket 7 (Dual Voltage) i430HX] ASUS P/I-P65UP5 (C-P55T2D)
  • CPU type: Intel Pentium MMX, 166 Mhz
  • Memory: 48 MB
  • FPU: Internal
Display
  • Display: [PCI] S3 ViRGE/DX (375)
Input devices
  • Mouse: Standard PS/2 Mouse
Sound
  • Sound card: [ISA16] Sound Blaster 16 PnP
Network
  • Network: None
Ports (COM & LPT)
  • Port(s): Serial ports 1 and 2 enabled, parallel port 1 enabled
Storage controllers
  • HD controller: Internal controller
  • FD controller: Internal controller
  • SCSI controller: None
Hard disks
  • Hard drive: IDE (0:0) drive, 2594 cylinders, 16 heads, 63 sectors (1.28 GB)
Floppy & CD-ROM drives
  • Floppy drive(s): One 3.5" 1.44 MB drive (A:)
  • CD-ROM drive(s): ATAPI (0:1) CD-ROM drive at 32x speed
Notes
Apple Rhapsody Developer Release 1 requires the use of the IDE driver from the Apple Rhapsody Developer Release 2 drivers disk, otherwise setup will fail due to being unable to find the hard drive.

The display adapter and sound card can be installed during the Configure.app portion of setup (or if it doesn't install at that point, you can do it after the end of setup).

Virtualbox logo.png VirtualBox Configuration
Setting type Configuration
General
  • Operating System: Other, Other/Unknown
System
  • Base Memory: 64 MB
  • Chipset: PIIX3
  • Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
  • I/O APIC: Disabled
  • EFI: Disabled
  • Processor(s): 1 CPU
Display
  • Video Memory: 9 MB
  • Graphics Controller: VBoxVGA
  • 3D Acceleration: Disabled
Storage
  • Floppy: One floppy controller
  • Hard drive: IDE 2 GB drive
Audio
  • Audio controller: Sound Blaster 16
Network
  • Network adapter: Disabled
Serial Ports
  • Ports: All ports disabled
USB
  • USB Controller: Disabled
Notes
Apple Rhapsody Developer Release 1 requires the use of the IDE driver from the Apple Rhapsody Developer Release 2 drivers disk, otherwise setup will fail due to being unable to find the hard drive.

The display driver can be found here, which works on OPENSTEP 4.2 and both Apple Rhapsody releases. Alternatively, you can install the VESA VBE 2.0 Display Driver using Configure.app.