Difference between revisions of "Windows 2000"

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|replaced-by=[[Windows XP]], [[Windows Server 2003]]
 
|replaced-by=[[Windows XP]], [[Windows Server 2003]]
 
}}
 
}}
'''Windows 2000''' (known as ''Windows NT 5.0'' during development) is an NT-based version of Windows released by Microsoft. It succeeded [[Windows NT 4.0]]. Its Professional SKU was replaced by [[Windows XP]], while its Server SKUs were replaced by [[Windows Server 2003]]. Windows 2000 was the last NT-based Windows product before the unification of the Windows NT and DOS-based line. It reached general availability on 2000-02-17. Microsoft ended support for Windows 2000 on 2010-07-13.
+
'''Windows 2000''' (known as ''Windows NT 5.0'' during development) is an NT-based version of Windows released by Microsoft. It succeeded [[Windows NT 4.0]]. Its Professional SKU was replaced by [[Windows XP]], while its Server SKUs were replaced by [[Windows Server 2003]]. Windows 2000 was the last NT-based Windows product before the unification of the Windows NT and DOS-based line. It reached general availability on 2000-02-17. Windows 2000 targeted both the high-end consumer market, as well as server and business markets. Multiple SKUs were made for both client and server uses, albeit the user interface remains largely the same. Even though Windows 2000 was intended mainly for use in businesses unlike [[Windows ME]], which was more targeted at home users, many home users ended up buying the Professional SKU of Windows 2000 during the time due to Windows ME's negative reception.
  
Windows 2000 targeted both the high-end consumer market, as well as server and business markets. Multiple SKUs were made for both client and server uses, albeit the user interface remains largely the same.
+
During the course of its support, four Service Packs and an update rollup have been released for Windows 2000. Microsoft had originally intended to release a fifth service pack for Windows 2000, but canceled it, and in 2005 instead released the Update Rollup 1 for Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, a collection of all the security-related hotfixes and some other significant issues. The Update Rollup does not include all non-security related hotfixes and is not subjected to the same extensive regression testing as a full-service pack. Microsoft states that this update will meet customers' needs better than a whole new service pack, and will still help Windows 2000 customers secure their PCs, reduce support costs, and support existing computer hardware. Microsoft ceased support for Windows 2000 on 2010-07-13, over 10 years since its release.
 +
{{TOC|limit=2|clear=none}}
  
 
== Naming ==
 
== Naming ==
 
[[File:1371 46.png|thumb|right|200px|Slide from an internal Microsoft presentation discussing the naming of Windows 2000]]
 
[[File:1371 46.png|thumb|right|200px|Slide from an internal Microsoft presentation discussing the naming of Windows 2000]]
Prior to the final announcement, Windows 2000 was called Windows NT 5.0 both in marketing materials and the operating system builds themselves. On 1998-10-27, Microsoft announced the renaming of the Windows NT 5.0 product line to Windows 2000, which according to Microsoft reflects the growing mainstream role of Windows NT.<ref>https://news.microsoft.com/1998/10/27/microsoft-renames-windows-nt-5-0-product-line-to-windows-2000-signals-evolution-of-windows-nt-technology-into-mainstream/</ref> The name continues the year-based naming scheme for consumer-oriented versions of Windows, which started with [[Windows 95]]. This reflected the initial plan for Windows 2000 to succeed both the consumer-oriented [[Windows 98]] and business-oriented [[Windows NT 4.0]] operating systems. However, in the end, [[Windows ME|Windows Millenium Edition]] was released to succeed Windows 98, which led to confusion between the two.
+
Prior to the final announcement, Windows 2000 was called Windows NT 5.0 both in marketing materials and the operating system builds themselves. On 1998-10-27, Microsoft announced the renaming of the Windows NT 5.0 product line to Windows 2000, which according to Microsoft reflects the growing mainstream role of Windows NT.<ref>https://news.microsoft.com/1998/10/27/microsoft-renames-windows-nt-5-0-product-line-to-windows-2000-signals-evolution-of-windows-nt-technology-into-mainstream/</ref> The name continues the year-based naming scheme for consumer-oriented versions of Windows, which started with [[Windows 95]]. This reflected the initial plan for Windows 2000 to succeed both the consumer-oriented [[Windows 98]] and business-oriented [[Windows NT 4.0]] operating systems. However, in the end, [[Windows ME|Windows Millenium Edition]] was released to succeed Windows 98, which led to confusion between the two. Due to the removal of the NT moniker, Windows 2000 branding often included the "Based on NT technology" tag line to clear out doubts.
  
An internal Microsoft presentation released during the ''U.S. v. Microsoft'' trial titled "Windows Launch Review" from 1997-11-21 briefly discusses the naming of the workstation edition.<ref>https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/atr/legacy/2006/03/03/1371.pdf</ref> According to the document, Microsoft considered the following names:
+
An internal Microsoft presentation released during the ''U.S. v. Microsoft'' trial titled "Windows Launch Review" from 1997-11-21 briefly discusses naming options of the workstation edition.<ref>https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/atr/legacy/2006/03/03/1371.pdf</ref> According to the document, Microsoft considered the following names:
 
* Windows NT Workstation 5.0
 
* Windows NT Workstation 5.0
 
* Windows NT Client 5.0
 
* Windows NT Client 5.0
Line 28: Line 29:
  
 
== Editions ==
 
== Editions ==
There are 4 major editions of Windows 2000. Windows 2000 was intended mainly for use in businesses and [[Windows ME]] was more targeted at home users, however, due to Windows ME's negative reception, many home users ended up buying the Professional SKU of Windows 2000 during the time. Files from the ia64 compile of [[Windows Server 2003 build 2462]] show a "Windows 2000 Personal" login banner, which indicates that such edition could also have been in planning.
+
There are 4 major editions of Windows 2000. Files from the ia64 compile of [[Windows Server 2003 build 2462]] show a "Windows 2000 Personal" login banner, which indicates that such edition could also have been in planning.
  
* Windows 2000 Professional
+
* ''Windows 2000 Professional''
* Windows 2000 Server
+
* ''Windows 2000 Server''
* Windows 2000 Advanced Server
+
* ''Windows 2000 Advanced Server''
* Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
+
* ''Windows 2000 Datacenter Server''
  
== Service Packs ==
+
== Source code leak ==
There are 4 service packs of Windows 2000.
+
On or shortly before 2004-02-12, portions of the Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 source code were illegally made available on the Internet. The source of the leak remains unannounced. In response, Microsoft released the following statement:
Windows 2000 SP4 is the latest version.
+
{{Quote|On Thursday, February 12, Microsoft became aware that portions of the Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 source code were illegally made available on the Internet. Subsequent investigation has shown this was not the result of any breach of Microsofts corporate network or internal security, nor is it related to Microsofts Shared Source Initiative or its Government Security Program, which enable our customers and partners, as well as governments, to legally access Microsoft source code. Microsoft reaffirms its support for both the Shared Source Initiative and the Government Security Program.
Microsoft had originally intended to release a fifth service pack for Windows 2000, but Microsoft canceled it, and instead released Update Rollup 1 for SP4, a collection of all the security-related hotfixes and some other significant issues.The Update Rollup does not include all non-security related hotfixes and is not subjected to the same extensive regression testing as a full-service pack. Microsoft states that this update will meet customers' needs better than a whole new service pack, and will still help Windows 2000 customers secure their PCs, reduce support costs, and support existing computer hardware.
+
 
== Leaking of source code ==
+
Microsoft continues to work closely with the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement authorities on this matter. Microsoft source code is both copyrighted and protected as a trade secret. As such, it is illegal to post it, make it available to others, download it or use it. Microsoft will take all appropriate legal actions to protect its intellectual property. These actions include communicating both directly and indirectly with those who possess or seek to possess, post, download or share the illegally disclosed source code.
On or shortly before 2004-02-12, portions of the Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 source code were illegally made available on the Internet. The source of the leak remains unannounced. Microsoft issued the following statement:
+
 
"Microsoft source code is both copyrighted and protected as a trade secret. As such, it is illegal to post it, make it available to others, download it or use it." Despite the warnings, the archive containing the leaked code spread widely on the file-sharing networks. On 2004-02-16, an exploit allegedly discovered by an individual studying the leaked source code for certain versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer was reported.
+
Specifically, Microsoft is sending letters explaining to individuals who have already downloaded the source code that such actions are in violation of the law. Additionally, Microsoft has instituted the use of alerts on several peer-to-peer clients where such illegal sharing of the source code has taken place. These alerts are designed to inform any user who conducts specific searches on these networks to locate and download the source code that such activity is illegal.
 +
 
 +
Questions about the ongoing investigation should be referred to the FBI.
 +
|Microsoft Corporation<ref>https://news.microsoft.com/2004/02/12/statement-from-microsoft-regarding-illegal-posting-of-windows-2000-source-code/</ref>}} Despite the warnings, the archive containing the leaked code spread widely on the file-sharing networks. On 2004-02-16, an exploit allegedly discovered by an individual studying the leaked source code for certain versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer was reported.
  
 
== Builds ==
 
== Builds ==
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{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1796.1|5.0.1796.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1796.1|5.0.1796.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1814.1|5.0.1814.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1814.1|5.0.1814.1}}
 +
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1816.1|5.0.1816.1}}
 +
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1828.1|5.0.1828.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1835.1|5.0.1835.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1835.1|5.0.1835.1}}
  
 
=== Beta 2 ===
 
=== Beta 2 ===
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1816.1|5.0.1816.1}}
+
 
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1828.1|5.0.1828.1}}
+
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1841.1|5.0.1841.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1848.1|5.0.1848.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1848.1|5.0.1848.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1855.1|5.0.1855.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1855.1|5.0.1855.1}}
 +
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1859.1|5.0.1859.1}}
 +
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1868.1|5.0.1868.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1877.1|5.0.1877.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1877.1|5.0.1877.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1888.1|5.0.1888.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1888.1|5.0.1888.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1902.1|5.0.1902.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1902.1|5.0.1902.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1906.1|5.0.1906.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1906.1|5.0.1906.1}}
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1909.1|5.0.1909.1}}
 
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1911.1|5.0.1911.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1911.1|5.0.1911.1}}
  
Line 91: Line 98:
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1945.1|5.0.1945.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1945.1|5.0.1945.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1946.1|5.0.1946.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1946.1|5.0.1946.1}}
 +
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1947|5.0.1947}}
 
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1952.1|5.0.1952.1}}
 
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 1952.1|5.0.1952.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1964.1|5.0.1964.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 1964.1|5.0.1964.1}}
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=== RC1 ===
 
=== RC1 ===
 +
{{BLItem Unconfirmed|Windows 2000 build 2040.1|5.0.2040.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 2068|5.0.2068.0}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 2068|5.0.2068.0}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 2072.1|5.0.2072.1}}
 
{{BLItem Confirmed|Windows 2000 build 2072.1|5.0.2072.1}}
Line 166: Line 175:
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
<references>
+
<references/>

Revision as of 14:57, 7 August 2019

Windows 2000
Version of Microsoft Windows
Windows2000-SP3-Desktop.png
OS familyWindows NT
Version5.0
Codename
Preliminary nameWindows NT 5.0
Architecturex86
Latest build
Release date2000-02-17
Support end2010-07-13
SKUs
Professional
Server
Advanced Server
Datacenter Server
Powered
Replaces
Windows NT 4.0
Replaced by
Windows XP, Windows Server 2003

Windows 2000 (known as Windows NT 5.0 during development) is an NT-based version of Windows released by Microsoft. It succeeded Windows NT 4.0. Its Professional SKU was replaced by Windows XP, while its Server SKUs were replaced by Windows Server 2003. Windows 2000 was the last NT-based Windows product before the unification of the Windows NT and DOS-based line. It reached general availability on 2000-02-17. Windows 2000 targeted both the high-end consumer market, as well as server and business markets. Multiple SKUs were made for both client and server uses, albeit the user interface remains largely the same. Even though Windows 2000 was intended mainly for use in businesses unlike Windows ME, which was more targeted at home users, many home users ended up buying the Professional SKU of Windows 2000 during the time due to Windows ME's negative reception.

During the course of its support, four Service Packs and an update rollup have been released for Windows 2000. Microsoft had originally intended to release a fifth service pack for Windows 2000, but canceled it, and in 2005 instead released the Update Rollup 1 for Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, a collection of all the security-related hotfixes and some other significant issues. The Update Rollup does not include all non-security related hotfixes and is not subjected to the same extensive regression testing as a full-service pack. Microsoft states that this update will meet customers' needs better than a whole new service pack, and will still help Windows 2000 customers secure their PCs, reduce support costs, and support existing computer hardware. Microsoft ceased support for Windows 2000 on 2010-07-13, over 10 years since its release.

Naming

Slide from an internal Microsoft presentation discussing the naming of Windows 2000

Prior to the final announcement, Windows 2000 was called Windows NT 5.0 both in marketing materials and the operating system builds themselves. On 1998-10-27, Microsoft announced the renaming of the Windows NT 5.0 product line to Windows 2000, which according to Microsoft reflects the growing mainstream role of Windows NT.[1] The name continues the year-based naming scheme for consumer-oriented versions of Windows, which started with Windows 95. This reflected the initial plan for Windows 2000 to succeed both the consumer-oriented Windows 98 and business-oriented Windows NT 4.0 operating systems. However, in the end, Windows Millenium Edition was released to succeed Windows 98, which led to confusion between the two. Due to the removal of the NT moniker, Windows 2000 branding often included the "Based on NT technology" tag line to clear out doubts.

An internal Microsoft presentation released during the U.S. v. Microsoft trial titled "Windows Launch Review" from 1997-11-21 briefly discusses naming options of the workstation edition.[2] According to the document, Microsoft considered the following names:

  • Windows NT Workstation 5.0
  • Windows NT Client 5.0
  • Windows NT Desktop 5.0
  • Windows NT 5.0
  • Windows 99/2000

Editions

There are 4 major editions of Windows 2000. Files from the ia64 compile of Windows Server 2003 build 2462 show a "Windows 2000 Personal" login banner, which indicates that such edition could also have been in planning.

  • Windows 2000 Professional
  • Windows 2000 Server
  • Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Windows 2000 Datacenter Server

Source code leak

On or shortly before 2004-02-12, portions of the Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 source code were illegally made available on the Internet. The source of the leak remains unannounced. In response, Microsoft released the following statement:

On Thursday, February 12, Microsoft became aware that portions of the Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0 source code were illegally made available on the Internet. Subsequent investigation has shown this was not the result of any breach of Microsofts corporate network or internal security, nor is it related to Microsofts Shared Source Initiative or its Government Security Program, which enable our customers and partners, as well as governments, to legally access Microsoft source code. Microsoft reaffirms its support for both the Shared Source Initiative and the Government Security Program.

Microsoft continues to work closely with the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement authorities on this matter. Microsoft source code is both copyrighted and protected as a trade secret. As such, it is illegal to post it, make it available to others, download it or use it. Microsoft will take all appropriate legal actions to protect its intellectual property. These actions include communicating both directly and indirectly with those who possess or seek to possess, post, download or share the illegally disclosed source code.

Specifically, Microsoft is sending letters explaining to individuals who have already downloaded the source code that such actions are in violation of the law. Additionally, Microsoft has instituted the use of alerts on several peer-to-peer clients where such illegal sharing of the source code has taken place. These alerts are designed to inform any user who conducts specific searches on these networks to locate and download the source code that such activity is illegal.

Questions about the ongoing investigation should be referred to the FBI.

— Microsoft Corporation[3]

Despite the warnings, the archive containing the leaked code spread widely on the file-sharing networks. On 2004-02-16, an exploit allegedly discovered by an individual studying the leaked source code for certain versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer was reported.

Builds

Pre-Beta

Beta 1

Interim Developer's Release

Beta 2

Beta 3

RC1

RC2

RC3

RTM

Service Pack 1 Beta

Small Business Server Beta

Service Pack 1

Service Pack 2 Beta

Service Pack 2

Service Pack 3 Beta

Service Pack 3

Service Pack 4 Beta

Service Pack 4

Update SP4

References