Difference between revisions of "Android"

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[[File:Android_Oreo_8.1_screenshot.png|200px|thumb|right|Android 8.1 (Oreo) running on a smartphone]]
 
[[File:Android_Oreo_8.1_screenshot.png|200px|thumb|right|Android 8.1 (Oreo) running on a smartphone]]
'''Android''' is Google's distribution of Linux targeted mainly at smartphones and tablets, there are also variants of Android that run on smartwatches, televisions, and cars. Android was originally developed by a company called Android Inc., but Google then bought the company in July 2005, the first version of Android was released in September 2008. The latest version of Android is currently [[Android 9.0]] which was released on 06 August 2018.
+
'''Android''' is Google's distribution of Linux targeted mainly at smartphones and tablets, there are also variants of Android that run on smartwatches, televisions, and cars. Android was originally developed by a company called Android Inc., but Google then bought the company in 2005-07, then made the Android SDK available in 2007-11. One year later, the first version of Android was released in 2008-09. The latest version of Android is currently [[Android 9.x|Android 9.0]] which was released on 2018-08-06. The latest beta version of Android is currently [[Android 10.x]] Beta 2 which was released on 2019-04-03.
  
 
Every major Android version since 1.5 has a codename based on different desserts, they are all in alphabetical order.
 
Every major Android version since 1.5 has a codename based on different desserts, they are all in alphabetical order.
  
 
+
== Version history ==
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==Version History==
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%"
! Version !! Codename !! Date Released !! Notes
+
! Version !! Codename(s) !! Date Released !! Notes
|-
 
| '''[[Android 1.0]]''' || No codename || 2008-09-23 || HTC Dream was the first phone to be released with Android
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android_1.0#Android_1.1|Android 1.1]] || Petit Four (Not officially used) || 2009-02-09 || This version was an update to Android 1.0
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 1.5]]''' || Cupcake || 2009-04-27 || First version of Android to use a codename officially
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 1.6]]''' || Donut || 2009-09-15 || Added a text-to-speech engine
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 2.0]]''' || Eclair || 2009-10-26 || Supported more screen resolutions
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.0.1]] || Eclair || 2009-12-03 || Minor changes and bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.1]] || Eclair || 2010-01-12 || Minor changes and bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 2.2]]''' || Froyo || 2010-03-20 || Added Wi-Fi hotspot functionality
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.2#Android 2.2.1|Android 2.2.1]] || Froyo || 2011-01-18 || Minor bugfixes and security updates
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.2#Android 2.2.2|Android 2.2.2]] || Froyo || 2011-01-22 || Minor bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.2#Android 2.2.3|Android 2.2.3]] || Froyo || 2011-11-21 || Security updates
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 2.3]]''' || Gingerbread || 2010-12-06 || First version to have multiple camera support, which allowed phones to use front facing cameras
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.1]] || Gingerbread || 2010-12-''??'' || Minor changes and bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.2]] || Gingerbread || 2011-01-''??'' || Minor changes and bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.3]] || Gingerbread || 2011-02-09 || Minor changes and bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.4]] || Gingerbread || 2011-04-28 || Added support for Google Talk, which allowed video chatting
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.5]] || Gingerbread || 2011-07-25 || Minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.6]] || Gingerbread || 2011-09-02 || Minor bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 2.3.7]] || Gingerbread || 2011-09-21 || Added Google Wallet support for the Nexus S 4G
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 3.0]]''' || Honeycomb || 2011-02-22 || This version was targeted at tablets only
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.1]] || Honeycomb || 2011-03-10 || Minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2]] || Honeycomb || 2011-07-15 || Minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.1]] || Honeycomb || 2011-09-20 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.2]] || Honeycomb || 2011-08-30 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.3]] || Honeycomb || 2011-08-30 || Released on the same day as 3.2.2
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.4]] || Honeycomb || 2011-12-''??'' || Added PAYG for 3G and 4G tablets
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.5]] || Honeycomb || 2012-01-''??'' || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 3.2.6]] || Honeycomb || 2012-02-''??'' || Minor bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 4.0]]''' || Ice Cream Sandwich || 2011-10-18 || First version to integrate the screenshot feature
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.0.1]] || Ice Cream Sandwich || 2011-10-21 || Minor bugfixes for the Samsung Galaxy Nexus
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.0.2]] || Ice Cream Sandwich || 2011-11-28 || Minor bugfixes for the Verison Galaxy Nexus
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.0.3]] || Ice Cream Sandwich || 2011-12-16 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.0.4]] || Ice Cream Sandwich || 2012-03-29 || Minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 4.1]]''' || Jelly Bean || 2012-07-09 || First version to have Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.1.1]] || Jelly Bean || 2012-07-11 || Minor bugfixes for the Nexus 7
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.1.2]] || Jelly Bean || 2012-10-09 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.2]] || Jelly Bean || 2012-11-13 || First version to include group messaging
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.2.1]] || Jelly Bean || 2012-11-27 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.2.2]] || Jelly Bean || 2013-02-11 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.3]] || Jelly Bean || 2013-07-24 || First version to have native emoji support
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.3.1]] || Jelly Bean || 2013-10-03 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 4.4]]''' || KitKat || 2013-10-31 || First version to have a codename based on a brand of desert
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.4.1]] || KitKat || 2013-12-05 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.4.2]] || KitKat || 2013-12-09 || Security updates and minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.4.3]] || KitKat || 2014-06-02 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 4.4.4]] || KitKat || 2014-06-19 || Security update
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 5.0]]''' || Lollipop || 2014-11-12 || Indroduced brand new design known as Material Design
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 5.0.1]] || Lollipop || 2014-12-02 || Minor bugfixes
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 5.0.2]] || Lollipop || 2014-12-19 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 5.1]] || Lollipop || 2015-03-09 || First version to support multiple SIM cards officially
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 5.1.1]] || Lollipop || 2015-04-21 || Minor bugfixes and improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 6.0]]''' || Marshmallow || 2015-10-05 || First version to support USB-C
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 6.0.1]] || Marshmallow || 2015-12-07 || Minor improvements
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''[[Android 7.0]]''' || Nougat || 2016-08-22 || First version to have multi-window support
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Android 7.1]] || Nougat || 2016-10-04 || First version to have home screen app shortcuts
 
|-
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Android 7.1.1]] || Nougat || 2016-12-05 || Minor improvements
+
| [[Android 1.x]] || Petit Four, Cupcake, Donut || 2008-09-23 || HTC Dream was the first phone to be released with Android.
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| [[Android 2.x]] || Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread || 2009-10-26 || Supported more screen resolutions.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Android 7.1.2]] || Nougat || 2017-04-04 || Minor improvements
+
| [[Android 3.x]] || Honeycomb || 2011-02-22 || This version was targeted at tablets only.
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| [[Android 4.x]] || Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat || 2011-10-18 || First version to integrate the screenshot feature.
 
|-
 
|-
| '''[[Android 8.0]]''' || Oreo || 2017-08-21 || First version to have picture-in-picture support
+
| [[Android 5.x]] || Lollipop || 2014-11-12 || Indroduced brand new design known as Material Design.
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| [[Android 6.x]] || Marshmallow || 2015-10-05 || First version to support USB-C.
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Android 8.1]] || Oreo || 2017-12-05 || First version to have automatic light and dark themes
+
| [[Android 7.x]] || Nougat || 2016-08-22 || First version to have multi-window support.
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| [[Android 8.x]] || Oreo || 2017-08-21 || First version to have picture-in-picture support.
 
|-
 
|-
| '''[[Android 9.0]]''' || Pie || 2018-08-06 || First version to have time limits for apps
+
| [[Android 9.x]] || Pie || 2018-08-06 || First version to have time limits for apps.
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| [[Android 10.x]] || Q || TBA 2019 || Beta version of Android to be released in the third quarter of 2019.
 
|}
 
|}
  
 +
[[Category:Android| ]]
 
[[Category:Operating systems]]
 
[[Category:Operating systems]]
 
[[Category:Linux]]
 
[[Category:Linux]]

Latest revision as of 22:21, 10 May 2019

Android 8.1 (Oreo) running on a smartphone

Android is Google's distribution of Linux targeted mainly at smartphones and tablets, there are also variants of Android that run on smartwatches, televisions, and cars. Android was originally developed by a company called Android Inc., but Google then bought the company in 2005-07, then made the Android SDK available in 2007-11. One year later, the first version of Android was released in 2008-09. The latest version of Android is currently Android 9.0 which was released on 2018-08-06. The latest beta version of Android is currently Android 10.x Beta 2 which was released on 2019-04-03.

Every major Android version since 1.5 has a codename based on different desserts, they are all in alphabetical order.

Version history[edit]

Version Codename(s) Date Released Notes
Android 1.x Petit Four, Cupcake, Donut 2008-09-23 HTC Dream was the first phone to be released with Android.
Android 2.x Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread 2009-10-26 Supported more screen resolutions.
Android 3.x Honeycomb 2011-02-22 This version was targeted at tablets only.
Android 4.x Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat 2011-10-18 First version to integrate the screenshot feature.
Android 5.x Lollipop 2014-11-12 Indroduced brand new design known as Material Design.
Android 6.x Marshmallow 2015-10-05 First version to support USB-C.
Android 7.x Nougat 2016-08-22 First version to have multi-window support.
Android 8.x Oreo 2017-08-21 First version to have picture-in-picture support.
Android 9.x Pie 2018-08-06 First version to have time limits for apps.
Android 10.x Q TBA 2019 Beta version of Android to be released in the third quarter of 2019.